How to Roast Goose, Render the Fat and Make Goose Stock
Roasting a goose is simpler and more budget friendly than you might think. While a bit more expensive pound for pound than pastured turkey, you will render a ton of goose fat and a gallon or more of goose stock in the process. You can reserve the rich, nutritious fat for roasting and adding tremendous flavor to veggies for weeks to come. The goose broth is a very rich base for soups and sauces. Traditional cooks refer to goose fat as “old white magic”. Roast potatoes in it, and you will experience the truth of this adage firsthand!
Our Christmas goose this year weighed in at 11.5 pounds and produced a full quart of rich, delicious goose fat. No other bird with the possible exception of duck is so generous. I promptly strained the golden goodness while still liquid into a large container and then refrigerated.
Goose Fat Benefits
- Polyunsaturated fat: 11%
- Saturated fat: 27%
- Monounsaturated fat: 54%
The low amount of polyunsaturated fats (PUFAs) make goose fat extremely desirable for cooking and highly resistant to rancidity. The smokepoint is quite high at around 400 F degrees (204 C degrees). Hence, it is an excellent choice for safe frying.
Below is a picture of what rendered goose fat looks like after being poured and strained straight from the roasting pan and then chilled in the refrigerator. When liquid, it is a rich shade of yellow/orange not unlike the color of the enormous yolks of goose eggs.
Goose Fat is Heart Healthy and Encourages Optimal Weight
Goose fat turns whitish/beige and semi-solid in the refrigerator. This traditional fat is widely consumed in France, particularly the southwest region known as Gascony. The rate of heart attacks in middle-aged men in this region is incredibly low at 80 per 100,000. Compare this to the fat phobic United States, where the rate is nearly 4 times higher with 315 of every 100,000 middle-aged men suffering heart attacks each year. (1)
Not surprisingly, weight issues are rare in Gascony as well, a phenomenon known as the French Paradox. Those of us knowledgeable about traditional diets know that this is, in fact, no paradox at all. Healthy fats do not make you fat! Excessive sugar and carb consumption and munchie inducing factory fats like vegetable oils do!
How to Roast Goose
The steps for roasting a goose are not that different from roasting a duck or a turkey. It is important to follow traditional cooking guidelines, however, to ensure a juicy end result. The instructions below come from one of my favorite cookbooks The Hows and Whys of French Cooking.
Most geese weigh between 10-14 pounds (4.5 – 6.4 kg). These roasting instructions assume your bird is within that range.
Steps for Roasting a Goose
- Rinse goose thoroughly and pat dry with a towel.
- Preheat oven to 425 F degrees (218 C degrees)
- Place goose in roasting pan and rub with sea salt and pepper.
- Stuff goose with traditional stuffing if desired.
- Roast goose for 40 minutes.
- Reduce heat to 375 F degrees (191 C degrees) and roast for 1 hour.
- Turn heat down further to 325 F (163 C) and roast for 2 hours.
- Increase heat back up to 425 F (218 C) and brown for 20 minutes.
- Remove roasted goose from the oven and set on the counter uncovered for 15 minutes.
- Carve and serve.
- One roast goose serves 6.
Note that no basting of goose is necessary as the meat and skin are so high in fat. Throughout the roasting process, you will no doubt notice that the skin stays glistening with moisture!
I suggest that you cook the veggies that you plan to serve after the goose is out of the oven (step 9 above) and resting on the counter. Use a stainless steel baster to suck off some of the rendered goose fat in the roasting pan to cook them. The flavor is incredible!
How to Make Goose Stock
Making goose stock is very much like other types of bone broth. Once you’ve picked the roasted goose clean, use the leftover bones for making stock. I leave the meat on the wings and use the neck and heart (part of the goose giblets inside the bird) along with the carcass to boost the gelatin and flavor.
I would suggest using the goose liver to make paté instead of stock. Goose liver paté is loaded with the animal form of vitamin K2 known as MK-4. Food sources of this elusive fat soluble vitamin were considered sacred by traditional cultures. It is a critical and usually overlooked nutrient for avoiding the ravages of premature aging. Why? Because it is a politically incorrect nutrient … almost all the sources of K2 come from animal foods (with the notable exception of natto whose taste and smell disagrees with most people).
Traditional Goose Stock Recipe
Recipe for making goose bone broth from the leftover carcass of a roast goose.
- 1 goose carcass include meat from wings, neck and heart
- 3 carrots chopped, preferably organic
- 2 turnips medium, chopped, preferably organic
- 2 leeks chopped, preferably organic
- 1 onion large, chopped, preferably organic
Clean and chop carrots, leeks, turnips, and onion.
Place ingredients in a large stockpot (this is what I use) and fill to cover with filtered water.
Let sit on the counter uncovered for 30 minutes.
Bring water to a boil. Skim off and discard any white foam that comes to the top just before boiling is reached.
Turn heat down, cover, and simmer on low for 6-24 hours. Check every few hours and top up with more filtered water as needed.
Remove from heat and cool. Strain broth into wide mouthed, half gallon size mason jars, screw on the lids and refrigerate. Goose bone broth will last about 5 days in the refrigerator. Freeze what you will not use in that time.
Sarah, The Healthy Home Economist
Sarah Pope has been a Health and Nutrition Educator since 2002. She serves on the Board of Directors for the Weston A. Price Foundation.
Sarah was awarded Activist of the Year at the International Wise Traditions Conference in 2010.
Sarah earned a Bachelor of Arts (summa cum laude, Phi Beta Kappa) in Economics from Furman University and a Master’s degree in Government (Financial Management) from the University of Pennsylvania.
Mother to three healthy children, blogger, and best-selling author, she writes about the practical application of Traditional Diet and evidence-based wellness within the modern household. Her work has been featured by USA Today, The New York Times, National Review, ABC, NBC, and many others.